Tuesday, January 06, 2009

SUPERANNUATION AGE OF JUDICIAL OFFICERS


SURVEY OF THE PAST :
1. In the past, the age of retirement of judges in the judicial service in every state was linked to that of the State Government Employees / Central Government Employees.
2. Till 31-3-1938, the normal age of retirement of Central Government Employees was 55 years. Employees could, however, be retained in service upto 60 years depending on their being physically fit and mentally alert.
3. The First Central Pay Commission set up by the Central Government in 1946 recommended 58 years for superannuation of Central Government employees. But this recommendation was not accepted by the Government on the ground, inter-alia, that the majority of persons retiring at the age of 55 were not capable of rendering efficient service; that their replacement at the age of 55 by younger men would serve the interest of efficiency better and that a retirement age should be fixed which would release men at the age when they would still be fit to render service to the country in other spheres of their choice.
4. In 1953, the question was reconsidered, but the earlier decision to retain the age of retirement at 55 was reaffirmed. The Government, however, decided that in view of shortages of trained personnel, the extension of service beyond 55 years might be given liberally on the ground of public interest particularly in the case of scientific and technical personnel.
5. In 1958, the question of retirement age was again considered in view of the continuing shortage of trained manpower. The Government did not extend the age of superannuation, but laid down the criteria for grant of extension and re-employment of technical and scientific personnel. It was decided that re-employment or extension might be granted upto two years at a time.
6. The Second Central Pay Commission examined the question of retirement age in some greater detail. It compared the data on life expectancy at birth and the retirement age, and also the data on general mortality and survival rate of pensioners, in comparison with the age of superannuation of Government servants in some foreign countries. The Commission also took note of the opinions expressed by eminent persons, economists, retired public servants, heads of departments, etc. After considering the various aspects, the Commission recommended an upward revision to 58 years. It mainly relied upon the fact that the life expectancy in India has improved, and there was greater need of scientific and technical personnel in Government service to meet the requirements of the Third Plan, then on the anvil.
7. Initially, the said recommendation was not accepted by the Government, since it was felt that raising the age of superannuation would reduce employment opportunity.
8. In 1962, the matter was again brought to the attention of the Government. The Government then took into consideration several factors like shortage of experienced and trained manpower; insignificant impact on employment opportunity (viz., of less than one per cent of the total volume of additional employment needed for the educated unemployed during the Third Plan period); the higher expectation of life and the continued physical fitness of Government employees after retirement. The Government decided to raise age of retirement from 55 to 58 years with effect from 1st December 1962. The age of retirement for Group D category of employees and workshop employees in the Central Government was maintained at 60 years.
9. The Third and Fourth Central Pay Commissions received many representations for upward revision of age of retirement to 60 years. But it did not favour the revision on the ground, inter-alia, that it would reduce the employment opportunities for fresh graduates and technical persons in Government service. They emphasised the need for injecting fresh blood and fresh knowledge for the efficient working in government.
10. All the State Governments save State of Kerala have followed similar age of retirement to their respective employees and also extending the same to Judicial officers in their states.
11. When the matter thus stood, the All India Judges' Association filed a writ petition1 before the Supreme Court seeking several reliefs including the upward revision of retirement age. It was contended before the Court therein that there is a marked distinction between the Civil Service and the Judicial Service, both in the qualification and nature of work. The age of superannuation of the Judicial Officers should be more than that of civil servants in as much as the basic qualification for recruitment to the judicial service requires every Officer to have in the minimum a bachelor's degree in law which is acquirable after becoming a graduate. But for normal civil service an ordinary graduate could apply and secure a job and that is not possible in judicial service which requires further period of three years to acquire the basic qualification. This inevitably would take minimum age for entry into Judicial Service higher than the minimum age for entry into Civil Service. It was urged that a distinction has to be maintained in the age of retirement for the Judicial Officers from that of the Civil Service and it is wrong to apply the same rule for both the categories.
12. Considering these and other factors, the Supreme Court observed that the age of retirement of Judicial Officers in subordinate courts should be raised from 58 to 60 years.

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Rates of Dearness Allowance & Finmin Orders for DA, DR & 5th CPC

DA & DR ORDERS - EXPECTED DA STATUS
Effective DatesAdditional DA Total DA DA OrdersDR Orders5th CPC
1.1.2006 0-DA/DR
1.7.2006 2%2%29.08.2008DA/DR
1.1.2007 4%6%29.08.2008DA/DR
1.7.2007 3%9%29.08.2008DA/DR
1.1.2008 3%12%29.08.2008DA/DR
1.7.2008 4%16%29.08.2008DA/DR
1.1.2009 6%22%13.03.200927.03.2009DA/DR
1.7.2009 5%27%18.09.200929.09.2009DA/DR
1.1.2010 8%35%26.03.201031.03.2010DA/DR
1.7.2010 10%45%22.09.201029.09.2010DA/DR
1.1.2011 6%51%24.03.201129.03.2011DA/DR
1.7.2011 7%58%03.09.2011 05.10.2011DA/DR
1.1.2012 7%65%03.04.2012 04.04.2012DA/DR
1.7.2012 7%72%28.09.2012 25.10.2012DA/DR
1.1.2013 8%80%25.04.2013 02.05.2013DA/DR
1.7.2013 10%90%25.09.2013 03.10.2013DA/DR
1.1.2014 10%100%27.03.201409.04.2014DA/DR
EXPECTED DA JUL 14 - JANUARY STATUS EXPECTED DA JUL 14 - FEBRUARY STATUSEXPECTED DA JUL 14 - MARCH STATUSEXPECTED DA JUL 14 - APRIL STATUSEXPECTED DA JUL 14 - MAY STATUS

LIST OF CGHS HOSPITALS

1. ALLAHABAD 2. AHEMDABAD 3. Bangalore 4. Bhubhaneshwar 5. Bhopal
6. Chandigarh 7. CHENNAI 8. Delhi 9. Dehradun 10. Guwahati
11. Hyderabad 12. Jaipur 13. Jabalpur 14. Kanpur 15. Kolkata
16. Lucknow 17. Meerut 18. Mumbai 19. Nagpur 20. Patna
21. Pune 22. Ranchi 23. Shillong 24. Trivandrum 25. Jammu.

TA / DA RULES

TRAVELLING ALLOWANCE ORDERS
Rates of Daily Allowance-Finmin23.09.2008
Travel Entitlements - Finmin23.09.2008
Finmin orders on TA22.01.2009
Finmin Clarification on TA18.02.2009
IT Relaxation on TA04.03.2009
TA on Retirement11.04.2009
Travel Entitlements on Transfer08.06.2010
Finmin orders on TA/DA11.06.2010
Journey on Transfer30.12.2010
Finmin Orders on TA24.01.2011
TA/DA on Permanent Transfer01.02.2011
Different types of TA27.04.2011
Definition of Travelling Expenses02.06.2011
Railway Clarification TA on Transfer16.08.2011
Finmin Clarification on TA01.08.2012
CGDA Clarification on TA 'A' Cities08.01.2013
Travelling Allowances for Medical Treatment10.05.2013
Railway Clarification on TA/DA12.08.2013

7th CENTRAL PAY COMMISSION NEWS

TITLEDATEARTICLESORDERS
7TH CPC REPORT AND THE NEED FOR TIMELINESS16.04.20147thCPC Blog
DID YOU KNOW HOW THE 6TH CPC MULTIPLICATION FACTOR OF 1.86 WAS DERIVED..?15.04.201490Paisa
EXPECTED PAY STRUCTURE OF 7TH CPC10.04.201490Paisa
Date of submission of 7th CPC Report05.04.2014-Rajya Sabha
Comments and Suggestions on 7th CPC04.04.201490Paisa
A webpage has been created by the Ministry of Finance for 7th Central Pay Commission24.03.2014-Finmin
Federations veiws on the ToR of 7th CPC05.03.2014AIRF/BPMS/IRTSA
Cabinet approved 7th Central Pay Commission Terms of Reference28.02.201490Paisa
Prime Minister has approved the composition of the 7th Central Pay Commission04.02.201490Paisa
NO COMPROMISE ON TERMS OF REFERENCE07.12.2013NFPE
Possible ToR meeting with Staff Side JCM-Dopt19.11.2013Dopt
7th CPC Date for implementation11.10.20137thcpcnews
Press Statement of Confederation of 7th CPC25.09.2013Confederation
Consent given by PM for 7th CPC25.09.201390Paisa

RETIREMENT AGE 62

J&K Employees Retirement Age hiked to 60, on par with Central Government Staff11.04.201490Paisa
Retirement age of 65: The Politicization of Employees’ Demands11.04.201490Paisa
Retirement age to 62-What is the background behind this news?01.03.201490Paisa
Retirement Age 62 - Cabinet expected to clear on Friday (28.202014)26.02.201490Paisa
Retirement age 62 – No hike in Retirement age of Central Government employees…15.08.2013CGEN.in
Retirement Age 62 - Prime Minister likely to declare on his Independence Day speech14.08.2013CGEN.in
Retirement Age of High Court Judges23.08.201390Paisa
No proposal to enhance the retirement age from 60 to 62 years08.03.201390Paisa
Retirement age of Central Government Employees20.01.201390Paisa
Retirement age of faculty doctors from 65 to 70 years…03.12.201290Paisa
Enhancement of superannuation retirement age of KV teachers31.08.201290Paisa
Retirement age of Teachers and Lecturers26.08.201290Paisa

LDC - UDC ISSUES...

LDC-UDC GRADE PAY ISSUE
SUBJECTDATEDOWNLOAD
UPGRADATION OF GRADE PAY OF LDC & UDC - YET ANOTHER CASE IS FILED.31.03.2014AIAMSHQ
LDC-UDC Issue : Case Filed for Grade Pay 2400 to LDC27.03.2014AIAMSHQ
Upgradation Pay Scale to Railway Accounts Staff w.e.f. 1/1/1 996 on actual basis – NFIR19.03.2014NFIR
Demanding upgradation of the grade pay of LDC & UDC to Rs. 2400 & 2800 – Letter forward to MOSPI26.02.2014AIAMSHQ
LDC-UDC ISSUE-YET ANOTHER LETTER FROM DEPARTMENT OF EXPENDITURE03.02.2014AIAMSHQ
LDC-UDC ISSUE: TOWARDS A FINAL ACTION14.01.2014AIAMSHQ
TOWARDS A FINAL ACTION ON LDC & UDC GRADE PAY ISSUE…31.12.2013AIAMSHQ
LDC-UDC ISSUE: A STEP FORWARD04.12.2013AIAMSHQ
Deputy Secretary JCA writes to Under Secretary CS-II, DoPT13.11.2013AIAMSHQ
CONFEDERATION WRITES TO GOVERNMENT ON LDC- UDC PAY SCALE ANOMALY26.10.2013CONFEDERATION
CASE RETURNED BY THE DOPT & DIRECTED TO TAKE UP THE MATTER DIRECTLY WITH DEPARTMENT OF EXPENDITURE, MOF.07.10.2013AIAMSHQ
LDC-UDC ISSUE-LETTER TO NAC MEMBERS10.09.2013AIAMSHQ
LDC-UDC Issue -Letter sent to the PM forwarded to JCA for action23.08.2013AIAMSHQ
And more news...

NATIONAL ANOMALY COMMITTEE MEETING DETAILS...

NATIONAL ANOMALY COMMITTEE - DECSIONS & DISCUSSIONS AND MINUTES & RESULTS
PROMOTIONAL SCHEMES ACP MACP
DESCRIPTION STAFF SIDE OFFICIAL SIDE
SETTING UP OF NAC 12.01.2009
COMPOSITION OF NAC 05.02.2009
EXTENSION OF NAC 01.07.2010
1st NAC MEETING(12.12.2009) 08.02.2010
2nd NAC MEETING(27.03.2010) AIRF//NFIR 04.05.2010
3rd NAC MEETING(15.02.2011) AIRF/CONF 21.04.2011
4th NAC MEETING(05.01.2012) AIANGO//AIRF 05.01.2012
5th NAC MEETING(17.07.2012) NFIR//NFIR 13.09.2012
MACP MEETING NFIR/ 03.05.2010
2nd MACP MEETING(15.09.2010) CONF/AIRF 06.10.2010
3rd MACP MEETING(15.03.2011) CONF 20.04.2011
4th MACP MEETING(27.07.2012) NFIR/CONF/IRTSA/INDWF/NFIR 13.09.2012
NATIONAL COUNCIL JCM (15.05.2010) NFPE/BPMS 07.07.2010
AGENDA ITEMS AIRF2011/AIRF2012 17.01.2011
INCREMENT ISSUE SETTLED 05.01.2012 19.03.2012
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS NAC/MACP NAC/MACP

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