Tuesday, January 06, 2009


1. In the past, the age of retirement of judges in the judicial service in every state was linked to that of the State Government Employees / Central Government Employees.
2. Till 31-3-1938, the normal age of retirement of Central Government Employees was 55 years. Employees could, however, be retained in service upto 60 years depending on their being physically fit and mentally alert.
3. The First Central Pay Commission set up by the Central Government in 1946 recommended 58 years for superannuation of Central Government employees. But this recommendation was not accepted by the Government on the ground, inter-alia, that the majority of persons retiring at the age of 55 were not capable of rendering efficient service; that their replacement at the age of 55 by younger men would serve the interest of efficiency better and that a retirement age should be fixed which would release men at the age when they would still be fit to render service to the country in other spheres of their choice.
4. In 1953, the question was reconsidered, but the earlier decision to retain the age of retirement at 55 was reaffirmed. The Government, however, decided that in view of shortages of trained personnel, the extension of service beyond 55 years might be given liberally on the ground of public interest particularly in the case of scientific and technical personnel.
5. In 1958, the question of retirement age was again considered in view of the continuing shortage of trained manpower. The Government did not extend the age of superannuation, but laid down the criteria for grant of extension and re-employment of technical and scientific personnel. It was decided that re-employment or extension might be granted upto two years at a time.
6. The Second Central Pay Commission examined the question of retirement age in some greater detail. It compared the data on life expectancy at birth and the retirement age, and also the data on general mortality and survival rate of pensioners, in comparison with the age of superannuation of Government servants in some foreign countries. The Commission also took note of the opinions expressed by eminent persons, economists, retired public servants, heads of departments, etc. After considering the various aspects, the Commission recommended an upward revision to 58 years. It mainly relied upon the fact that the life expectancy in India has improved, and there was greater need of scientific and technical personnel in Government service to meet the requirements of the Third Plan, then on the anvil.
7. Initially, the said recommendation was not accepted by the Government, since it was felt that raising the age of superannuation would reduce employment opportunity.
8. In 1962, the matter was again brought to the attention of the Government. The Government then took into consideration several factors like shortage of experienced and trained manpower; insignificant impact on employment opportunity (viz., of less than one per cent of the total volume of additional employment needed for the educated unemployed during the Third Plan period); the higher expectation of life and the continued physical fitness of Government employees after retirement. The Government decided to raise age of retirement from 55 to 58 years with effect from 1st December 1962. The age of retirement for Group D category of employees and workshop employees in the Central Government was maintained at 60 years.
9. The Third and Fourth Central Pay Commissions received many representations for upward revision of age of retirement to 60 years. But it did not favour the revision on the ground, inter-alia, that it would reduce the employment opportunities for fresh graduates and technical persons in Government service. They emphasised the need for injecting fresh blood and fresh knowledge for the efficient working in government.
10. All the State Governments save State of Kerala have followed similar age of retirement to their respective employees and also extending the same to Judicial officers in their states.
11. When the matter thus stood, the All India Judges' Association filed a writ petition1 before the Supreme Court seeking several reliefs including the upward revision of retirement age. It was contended before the Court therein that there is a marked distinction between the Civil Service and the Judicial Service, both in the qualification and nature of work. The age of superannuation of the Judicial Officers should be more than that of civil servants in as much as the basic qualification for recruitment to the judicial service requires every Officer to have in the minimum a bachelor's degree in law which is acquirable after becoming a graduate. But for normal civil service an ordinary graduate could apply and secure a job and that is not possible in judicial service which requires further period of three years to acquire the basic qualification. This inevitably would take minimum age for entry into Judicial Service higher than the minimum age for entry into Civil Service. It was urged that a distinction has to be maintained in the age of retirement for the Judicial Officers from that of the Civil Service and it is wrong to apply the same rule for both the categories.
12. Considering these and other factors, the Supreme Court observed that the age of retirement of Judicial Officers in subordinate courts should be raised from 58 to 60 years.


1. ALLAHABAD 2. AHEMDABAD 3. Bangalore 4. Bhubhaneshwar 5. Bhopal
6. Chandigarh 7. CHENNAI 8. Delhi 9. Dehradun 10. Guwahati
11. Hyderabad 12. Jaipur 13. Jabalpur 14. Kanpur 15. Kolkata
16. Lucknow 17. Meerut 18. Mumbai 19. Nagpur 20. Patna
21. Pune 22. Ranchi 23. Shillong 24. Trivandrum 25. Jammu.
Date of submission of 7th CPC Report05.04.2014-Rajya Sabha
Comments and Suggestions on 7th CPC04.04.201490Paisa
A webpage has been created by the Ministry of Finance for 7th Central Pay Commission24.03.2014-Finmin
Federations veiws on the ToR of 7th CPC05.03.2014AIRF/BPMS/IRTSA
Cabinet approved 7th Central Pay Commission Terms of Reference28.02.201490Paisa
Prime Minister has approved the composition of the 7th Central Pay Commission04.02.201490Paisa
Possible ToR meeting with Staff Side JCM-Dopt19.11.2013Dopt
7th CPC Date for implementation11.10.20137thcpcnews
Press Statement of Confederation of 7th CPC25.09.2013Confederation
Consent given by PM for 7th CPC25.09.201390Paisa
Retirement age of 65: The Politicization of Employees’ Demands11.04.201490Paisa--
Retirement age to 62-What is the background behind this news?01.03.201490Paisa--
50% DA Merger and Retirement age almost disappeared from CG Employees Diary...!07.03.2014-GServants-
High hopes fading due to announcement of election dates...05.03.2014-Karnmk-
Proposals of Retirement age 62 and 50% DA Merger..?01.03.2014-GServants-
Retirement Age 62 - Cabinet expected to clear on Friday (28.202014)26.02.201490Paisa--
Retirement Age 62 – Cabinet is likely to clear some of these demands..!25.02.2014-PCUpdate
Proposal for raising Retirement Age to 62 waits for Cabinet Nod17.02.2014-GServants-
Parliamentary panel urged to raise the retirement age to 65 years08.02.2014--TOI
Retirement Age 62 : Govt not considering to raise retirement age to 6218.08.2013-PTI
Retirement age 62 – No hike in Retirement age of Central Government employees…15.08.2013-CGEN.in-
Retirement Age 62 - Prime Minister likely to declare on his Independence Day speech14.08.2013-CGEN.in-
Retirement Age of High Court Judges23.08.201390Paisa--
Retirement Age 62 – Cabinet decision to increase retirement age deferred03.08.2013--B.Standard
No plan to increase retirement age of employees16.06.2013--PTI
Pros and cons of raising the retirement age of Central Government Employees09.06.2013-EOrders-
No decision on central staff retirement age on cabinet meeting05.06.2013-PCUpdate-
Retirement age to be extended by 2 years to 6204.06.2013--FExpress
Increase retirement age of government employees to 6230.05.2013--ET
Union government wants retirement age 6229.05.2013--Rediff
No proposal to enhance the retirement age from 60 to 62 years08.03.201390Paisa--
Call to increase retirement age of bank employees to 6504.02.2013--Hindu
Retirement age of Central Government Employees20.01.201390Paisa--
Retirement age of faculty doctors from 65 to 70 years…03.12.201290Paisa-
Enhancement of superannuation retirement age of KV teachers31.08.201290Paisa-
Retirement age of Teachers and Lecturers26.08.201290Paisa--
Cabinet today approved the proposal to enhancement of age of superannuation of teachers to 6521.07.2012--PIB
Retirement age across the world - ILC Report10.07.2011--Global
Govt employees near retirement should not be disturbed05.09.2010--PTI
PIL on retirement age of civil servants 25.09.2010--PTI


90 Paisa News : As and when orders amending the rules are published by the Government, the amendment orders will be published in our blog immediately. Readers are requested to refer to the source link is given at the end of the post.

All efforts have been made to ensure accuracy of the content on this blog, the same should not be construed as a statement of law or used for any legal purposes. 90paisa accepts no responsibility in relation to the accuracy, completeness, usefulness or otherwise, of the contents. Users are advised to verify/check any information with the relevant department(s) and/or other source(s), and to obtain any appropriate professional advice before acting on the information provided in the blog.

Links to other websites that have been included on this blog are provided for public convenience only.

90paisa is not responsible for the contents or reliability of linked websites and does not necessarily endorse the view expressed within them. We cannot guarantee the availability of such linked pages at all times.

Any suggestions write to us

Related Posts with Thumbnails