CIRCULAR NO.: 1/2010
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Revenue
Central Board of Direct Taxes
New Delhi, dated the 11th January,2010
Reference is invited to Circular No.08/2007 dated 5.12.2007 whereby the rates of deduction of income-tax from the payment of income under the head “Salaries” under Section 192 of the Income-tax Act, 1961, during the financial year 2008-2009, were intimated. The present Circular contains the rates of deduction of income-tax from the payment of income chargeable under the head “Salaries” during the financial year 2009-2010 and explains certain related provisions of the Income-tax Act. The relevant Acts, Rules, Forms and Notifications are available at the website of the Income Tax Department-
Highlights from the OM…
Relief When Salary Paid in Arrear or Advance:
3.5 Under sub-section (2A)of section 192 where the assessee, being a Government servant or an employee in a company, co-operative society, local authority, university, institution, association or body is entitled to the relief under Sub-section (1) of Section 89, he may furnish to the person responsible for making the payment referred to in Para (3.1), such particulars in Form No. 10E duly verified by him, and thereupon the person responsible as aforesaid shall compute the relief on the basis of such particulars and take the same into account in making the deduction under Para(3.1) above.
Explanation :- For this purpose “University means a University established or incorporated by or under a Central, State or Provincial Act, and includes an institution declared under section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956(3 of 1956), to be University for the purposes of the Act.
However with effect from 1/04/2010 (AY 2010-11) that no such relief shall be granted in respect of any amount received or receivable by an assessee on his voluntary retirement or termination of his service, in accordance with any scheme or schemes of voluntary retirement or in the case of a public sector company referred to in sub-clause (i) of clause (10C) of section 10 (read with Rule 2BA), a scheme of voluntary separation, if an exemption in respect of any amount received or receivable on such voluntary retirement or termination of his service or voluntary separation has been claimed by the assessee under clause (10C) of section 10 in respect of such, or any other, assessment year
New Pension Scheme :-
The New Pension Scheme(NPS) has become operational since 1st Jan, and is mandatory for all new recruits to the Central Government Services from 1st January, 2004. Since then it has been opened to employees of State Governments, Private Sector and Self Employed (both organized and unorganized).
The income received by the NPS trust is exempt. The NPS trust is exempted from the Dividend Distribution Tax and is also exempt from the Securities Transaction Tax on all purchases and sales of equities and derivatives. The NPS trust will also receive income without tax deduction at source. The above amendments are retrospectively effective from 1/4/09 (AY 2009-10) onwards
Medical Reimbursement by the employer exceeding RS. 15,000/- p.a. u/s. 17(2)(v) is to be taken as perquisites.
It is further clarified that the rule position regarding valuation of perquisites are given at Section 17(2) of Income Tax Act’61 and at Rule 3 of Income Tax Rules’62. The deductors may look into the above provisions carefully before they determine the perquisite value for deduction purposes.
It is pertinent to mention that benefits specifically exempt u/s 10(13A), 10(5), 10(14), 17 etc. would continue to be exempt. These include benefits like travel on tour and transfer, leave travel, daily allowance to meet tour expenses as prescribed, medical facilities subject to conditions.
Under Section 80E of the Act a deduction will be allowed in respect of repayment of interest on loan taken for higher education, subject to the following conditions:
(i)In computing the total income of an assessee, being an individual, there shall be deducted, in accordance with and subject to the provisions of this section, any amount paid by him in the previous year, out of his income chargeable to tax, by way of interest on loan, taken by him from any financial institution or any approved charitable institution for the purpose of pursuing his higher education or for the purpose of higher education of his spouse or children.
(ii) The deduction specified above shall be allowed in computing the total income in respect of the initial assessment year and seven assessment years immediately succeeding the initial assessment year or until the interest referred to above is paid in full by the assessee , whichever is earlier.
For this purpose -
(a) “approved charitable institution” means an institution established for charitable purposes and approved by the prescribed authority under clause (2C) of section 10, or, an institution referred to in clause (a) of sub-section (2) of Section 80G.
(b) “financial institution” means a banking company to which the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949) applies (including any bank or banking institution referred to in section 51 of that Act); or any other financial institution which the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf;
(c) “higher education” means any course of study pursued after passing the Senior Secondary Examination or its equivalent from any school, board or university recognised by the Central Government or State Government or local authority or by any other authority authorised by the Central Government or State Government or local authority to do so;
(d) “initial assessment year” means the assessment year relevant to the previous year, in which the assessee starts paying the interest on the loan.
(e) relative”, in relation to an individual, means the spouse and children of that individual or the student for whom the individual is the legal guardian