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Tax on Profession, trade, calling and employment.

1."Employee" means a person employed on salary and includes, 

2.A Government servant receiving pay from the revenue of the Central Government or any State Government; 

3.A person in the service of a body whether incorporated or not, which is owned or controlled by the Central Government or any State Government, where, such body operates within the municipal limit even though its headquarters may be outside the municipal limit; and

4.A person engaged in any employment by an employer not covered by sub-clauses (i) and (ii);

5."Employer" in relation to an employee earning any salary on a regular basis under his means, the person or the officer who is responsible for disbursement of such salary and includes the head of the office or any establishment as well as the Manager or Agent of the employer;

6."Half-year" shall be from the 1st day of April to the 30th day of September and from the 1st day of October to the 31st day of March of a year;

7."Month" means a calendar month;

8."Person" means any person who is engaged actively or otherwise in any profession, trade, calling or employment in the State of Tamil Nadu and includes a Hindu undivided family, firm, company, corporation or other corporate body, any society, club, body of persons or association, so engaged, but does not include any person employed on a casual basis;

9."Tax" means the tax on profession, trade, calling and employment levied under this Chapter.

Levy of Profession tax

1.There shall be levied by the Municipal Council a tax on profession, trade calling and employment. 

2.Every company which transacts business and every person, who is engaged actively or otherwise in any profession, trade, calling or employment with in the Town Panchayat on the first day of the half-year for which return is filed, shall pay half-yearly tax at the rates specified in the Table below in such manner as may be prescribed: 
Less than Rs.21,000Nil
Between Rs.21,001 - 30,000Rs.75
Between Rs.30,001 - 45,000Rs.188
Between Rs.45,001 - 60,000Rs.390
Between Rs.60,001 - 75,000Rs.585
Beyond Rs.75,001Rs.810

Profession Tax Collectable from the salary of August (Ist Quarter ) and January (IInd Quarter) 

3.The rate of tax payable under sub-section (2) shall be published by the executive authority in such manner as may be prescribed.

4.Where a company or person proves that it or he has paid the sum due to account of the tax levied under this chapter or any tax of the nature of a profession tax imposed under the Cantonments Act, 1924 for the same half-year to any local authority or cantonment authority in the State of Tamil Nadu such company or person shall not be liable by reason merely of change of place of business, exercise of profession, trade, calling or employment or residence, to pay the tax to any other local authority or cantonment authority. (Central Act II of 1924).

5.The tax livable from a firm, association or Hindu undivided family may be levied on any adult member of the firm, association or family. 

6.Where a person doing the same business in the same name in one or more places within the Town Panchayat, the income of such business in all places within the Town Panchayat shall be computed for the purpose of levy of tax and such person shall pay the tax in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter. 

7.Where any company, corporate body, society, firm, body of persons or association, pays the tax under this chapter, any director, partner or member as the case may be, of such company, corporate body, society , firm, body of persons or association shall not be liable to pay tax under this Chapter for the income derived by such director partner or member form such company, corporate body, society, firm, body of persons or associations. 

8.Every person who is liable to pay tax, other than a person earning a salary or wage shall furnish to the executive authority a return in such form, for such period and within such date and in such manner as may be prescribed .Provided that subject to the provisions of sub-sections (10) and (11), such person may make a self-assessment on the basis of average half-yearly income of the previous financial year and the return filed by him shall be accepted without calling for the accounts and without any inspection. 

9.Every such return shall accompany with the proof of payment of the full amount of tax due according to the return and a return without such proof of payment shall not be deemed to have been duly filed. 

10.Notwithstanding anything contained in the proviso to sub-section (8), the executive authority may select the percent of the total number of such assessment in such manner as may be prescribed for the purpose of detailed scrutiny regarding the correctness of the return submitted by a person in this connection and in such cases final assessment order shall be passed in accordance with provisions of this Chapter. 

11.If no return is submitted by any person under sub-section (8) within the prescribed period or if the return submitted by him appears to the executive authority to be incomplete or incorrect, the executive authority shall, after making such enquiry as be may consider necessary assess such person to the best of his judgement: Provided that before taking action under this sub-section,the person shall be given a reasonable opportunity of proving the correctness or completeness of any return submitted by him.

12.Every person who is liable to pay tax under this section, other than a person earning salary or wage:- 
(a) shall be issued with a pass book containing such details relating to such payment of tax as may be prescribed and if the pass book is lost or accidentally destroyed the executive authority may, on an application made by the person accompanied by such fee as may be fixed by the municipal council, issue to such person a duplicate of the pass book. 
(b) shall be allotted a permanent account number and such person shall - 
(i) quote such number in all his returns to, or correspondence with the executive authority; 
(ii) quote such number in all chalans for the payment of any sum due under this chapter. 

13.The rate of tax specified under sub-section (2) shall be revised by the municipal council once in every five years and such revision of tax shall be increased not less than twenty-five percent and not more than thirty-five percent of the tax levied immediately before the date of revision.

Rules - The Tamil Nadu Town Panchayats, Municipalities and Municipal Corporations (Collection of Arrears of Tax on Profession, Trades, Calling and Employment's) Rules, 1998 - Issued. 


1.(I) Short title, application and commencements:- 
These rules may be called the Town Panchayats, Municipalities and Municipal Corporations (Collection of arrears of tax on profession, trade, calling and employment) Rules, - 1998.
i) These rules shall apply to all Town Panchayats, Municipalities and Municipal Corporations in the State. 
ii) They shall be deemed to have come into force on the 1st October 1998. 

2.(i) Filling of return for payment of arrears of tax on profession, trade, calling and employment:- Every trader or professional who is in arrears of profession tax shall file a return furnishing the details of amount due by him at the rate already determined by the Council under the provisions of the Tamil Nadu Tax on Professions, Trades Callings, and Employment's Act, 1992 (Tamil Nadu Act 24 of 1992) which was in force for the period from 1st April 1992 to 30th September 1998 in Form-1 to the Commissioner of a Municipality or a Corporation or to the Executive Officer of the Town Panchayats as the case may be on or before the 31st December 1998. The Commissioner or Executive Officer as the case may be, may extend, if necessary, the period for filing the return thirty days from 31st December 1998 and shall further extend the period to not later than 28.2.1999. 

3. (1) Mode of Payment of Tax:- 
(1) The return under rule-2 shall be accompanied a chalan, in support of payment of the arrears of profession tax due by a trader or a professional for the first two half-years commencing from 1.4.1992. Provided that such payment shall be made in the Office of respective local body during office hours on all working days 
(2) A trader or professional shall pay the remaining arrears of profession tax due up to 30th September, 1998 during every current half-year along with the arrears for the periods not less than of two half-years. Provided that the entire arrears of tax due under the repealed Tamil Nadu Tax on Professions, Trades, Callings and Employment's Act, 1992 (Tamil Nadu Act 24 of 1992) shall be paid not latter than three years period commencing from 1st October 1998. 

(3) The Commissioner, or the Executive Officer as the case may be shall accept the return and acknowledge the receipt of payment of arrears of tax amount paid by the trader or professional. 

4. Interpretation of these rules by the Government :- 
(1) If any question arises as interpretation of these rules, the question shall be referred to the Government, whose decision shall be final. 
(2) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of these rules, the Government may, by order, do anything which appears to be necessary, for the purpose of removing the difficulty. 


Maharashtra's Tax Slabs:
The professional tax slabs in India are applicable to those citizens of India who are either involved in any profession or trade. The state government of each state is empowered with the responsibility of structuring as well as formulating the respective professional tax criteria and they are also required to collect funds through professional tax. The professional taxes are charged on the incomes of individuals, profits of business or gains in vocations. The professional tax is charged as per the List II of the Indian Constitution. The professional taxes are classified under various tax slabs in India. Maharashtra, the commercial capital of India follows the following professional tax slab:

IncomeMonthly Professional Tax
Less than Rs.2500Nil
Between Rs.2500 - 3500Rs.60
Between Rs.3500 - 5000Rs.120
Between Rs.5000 - 10,000Rs.175
Beyond Rs.10,000Rs.200

Tamil Nadu's Tax Slabs:
The professional tax slab structure followed in Tamil Nadu on a half yearly basis is formulated as follows: 
Tamil Nadu
Less than Rs.21,000Nil
Between Rs.21,001 - 30,000Rs.75
Between Rs.30,001 - 45,000Rs.188
Between Rs.45,001 - 60,000Rs.390
Between Rs.60,001 - 75,000Rs.585
Beyond Rs.75,001Rs.810

West Bengal's Tax Slabs:
West Bengal has created its respective professional tax slab structure to keep the residents informed about the exact deductions from their incomes. The professional tax slab in West Bengal has been categorized as per the following criteria: 
West Bengal
Less than Rs.1,500Nil
Between Rs.1,501 - 2,001Rs.18
Between Rs.2,001 - 3,001Rs.25
Between Rs.3,001 - 5,001Rs.30
Between Rs.5,001Rs.40
Between Rs.6,001 - 7,001Rs.45
Rs.7,001 Rs.50
Rs.8,001 Rs.90
Rs.9,001 Rs.110
Beyond Rs.40,001Rs.200

Delhi's Tax Slabs:
The Indian capital has its own professional tax structure has been categorized under various heads like professional tax for corporate professionals, non-corporate professionals, corporate contractors, non-corporate contractor. The professional tax rate of the corporate professionals has been declared as 11.33% whereas the corporate contractors are required are levied 2.26% of their income towards their professional tax. The deductions for the non-corporate professionals have been adjusted at 10.30% of their incomes but that of the non-corporate contractors have been decided at 2.06% of their incomes. The professional tax slabs in terms of various income groups in Delhi, have been structured as follows: 
IncomeMonthly Professional Tax
Less than Rs.1,10,00Nil
Between Rs.1,10,000 - 1,45,000Nil
Between Rs.1,45,000 - 1,50,00010%
Between Rs.1,50,000 - 1,95,00020%
Between Rs.1,95,000 - 2,50,00020%
Beyond Rs.2,50,00030%

Delhi has also formulated a different professional tax slab for people with income beyond Rs. 10,00,000. Such income groups are required to pay10 % of their income as surcharge also. The professional tax structure in Delhi has been formulated to include an education cess also. The education cess is calculated by aggregating the amount of tax as well as the amount of surcharge and then 2% of the aggregate is deducted as the education cess. The professional tax structure for partnership companies includes surcharge at the rate of 10% of the profits. Partnership companies are required to pay 2% of their profits as education cess. The calculation of education cess for the companies also requires the aggregation of the income tax and the surcharge initially and then deducting 2% of the aggregate for education cess. The professional tax rate for the partnership firms has been decided at 30% of the profit and the effective rate of tax of these firms is 33.66 %. 

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  1. Free Online Tamil Calendar Comprehensive and authentic tamil daily calendar for 2009. Easy to search functionality provided, to find the date you wish to get the data. Find the Hindu, Muslim or Christian festivals and government holidays.

  2. are Ex-service men and physically challenged persons exempted from professional tax?

  3. Employees of Department of Posts have been paid from the Consolidated Fund of India, as there is no revenue from this Department. It is a service Department. Employees whose income derived from the revenue of Govt. are only liable to pay Professional Tax, not all. This provision application to Undertakings like, ONGC, SAIL, LIC, BSNL, etc. because their employees pay fixed from the revenue earned by the professional business run by them.

    As for as Department of Posts is concerned, there is no revenue earned by the Deptt. as it is a service Department. Therefore, employees of Department of Post are not liable to pay Professional tax.

    Am I right? send your comments to sowrirajan1@gmail.com


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